Christina Sappey (D) – 158th District

Christina Sappey is the Democratic candidate running against incumbent Rep. Eric Roe (R)


October 30, 2018
Roe, Sappey debate in West Bradford

WEST BRADFORD—State Rep. Eric Roe, a Republican, and challenger Christina Sappey, a Democrat, addressed more than two dozen issues at Monday night’s League of Women Voter’s 158th Legislative District candidate debate at the township building.

Almost 200 voters packed the room and heard both candidates discuss diverse subjects including, the minimum wage, legalization of marijuana and gun control, during the 100-minute debate. Barbara Lathroum moderated.

Roe and Sappey discussed health care.

Roe said the health system in England where he went to school and met his wife is not always equal.

He supports tort reforms in a bid to limit malpractice suits.

Sappey said that health care is too expensive for both employers and employees.

She said we should examine the costs.

“We need to have everyone in the risk pool,” Sappey said.

And what would happen if the Affordable Care Act was abolished?

“Throwing people out of the system is not going to make it cheaper,” Sappey said. “If we have no system in place, we’re all in trouble.”

Roe said he supports work requirements for those receiving government health insurance and he wants to “be responsible to the taxpayers.”

The candidates were asked about discrimination against the LGBT community.

“I support equal rights,” said Roe. He also said that some matters are not the government’s business.

Said Sappey: They are discriminated in the workplace and everywhere they go, we need to include them in certain equal rights measures.”

The candidates were asked about education.

“We don’t to have enough teachers in Pennsylvania right now,” Sappey said. “We need to do everything we can to ensure our Pennsylvania mandate for public education.”

Roe said he is a product of Chester County public schools.

He favors vouchers to support private schools.

“I believe in school choice,” he said. “Parents know best.”

The candidates both agreed that they would tax oil and gas companies.

“You only get one environment,” Roe said. “You don’t get a second chance.”

Sappey said that we need to have “robust protections” in place.

Would Sappey and Roe “reach across the aisle?”

“You have to make sure your party membership understands you are not a blank check,” Sappey said.

Roe said that compromise is a “good” word and not a “bad” word.

Roe and Sappey disagreed on abortion. Roe said he is pro-life and Sappey said we cannot understand unless we’re “standing in someone else’s shoes.

“It’s a private situation, the government should have no role,” Sappey said.

Sappey and Roe favor legalization of medical marijuana.

“I do not want to become California,” Roe said about legalizing recreational weed. “The last thing I want is for the culture of our community to change.”

Sappey and Roe also disagreed on a fair minimum wage. Roe said that a true minimum wage is zero.

“I want people to not just be focused on a minimum wage but good-paying jobs,” Roe said.

Sappey favors a $15 minimum wage.

“People deserve a living wage,” Sappey said. “We can’t expect people to work four jobs to pay the rent, feed themselves, educate themselves and raise the kids.”

Both candidates believe gun laws should be tightened up.

Sappey favors background checks, waiting periods, banning bump stocks, automatic weapons and large magazines.

Roe wants to close loopholes on background checks, limit the size of magazines, favors waiting periods and dealing with mental health and drug issues.  Source

Oct 5, 2018
Marshalton Inn
Retired State Rep Chris Ross introduces candidate Christina Sappey at reception for her.

PPA hosted a Diversity 🌈 and Choice reception to elect Christina Sappey to the PA House. The candidate (front row, center) spoke about her strong support of equality, diversity, LGBTQ rights and choice. Among the almost 40 guests were 4.5 married gay couples (-1 husband), Planned Parenthood PAC members, former PP Board members and the previous District Representative, Chris Ross, who introduced the candidate. 

John Lilley, long-time Marshalton resident and legendary Hooters guitarist, introduced Rep. Ross with an eloquent, personal and impassioned discourse on inclusion and LGBTQ rights.
It was a perfect fall evening, held in the Marshalton Inn, a continuously operating 225 year old National Landmark. When elected, Christina will be the first woman ever to represent the PA 158th.  Source – Facebook page
Chester County Fraternal Order of Police Endorses Christina Sappey PA 158
West Chester, PA–
The Chester County Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police (FOP) is pleased to announce their endorsement of Christina Sappey for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives’ 158th legislative district.
“The Chester County Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police believes that our members and the citizens of Chester County will be well served by Ms. Sappey and we are therefore proud to endorse her for election.”
Chester County FOP has represented the interests of law enforcement officers across the 158th. The organization is crucial in meeting the needs of law enforcement members, including assisting injured, disabled, or sick members; supporting families of those killed in the line of duty; creating a countywide memorial service; and providing assistance to elderly or retired members. Furthermore, they advocate for the resources that officers need in order to protect communities across the state.
Christina is honored to receive an endorsement from an organization that is so instrumental in keeping Chester County residents safe. Additionally, she understands how important the needs of law enforcement officials are, from education, to resources, to representation.


October 10, 2018
Democratic candidates discuss issues at public forum

WEST GOSHEN — Christina Sappey, a candidate running for state representative for the 158th Legislative District, waited until the very end of the program to emphatically state what all five candidates at a forum had voiced earlier, to a lesser degree.

“Vote, vote, vote, vote, vote,” Sappey, a Democrat running against incumbent Republican Rep. Eric Roe, implored an audience of 150, at St. Paul’s Baptist Church, Monday night.

The forum was organized and run by the Chester County League of Women Voters and the West Chester Chapter of the NAACP.

During the 2½-hour forum, five Democratic candidates, all of whom are women, answered questions posed by the audience and event organizers about topics including, health care, water quality, literacy, business taxes and incarceration.

All the candidates in the county were invited. There will be a similar forum with different speakers at St. Paul’s, on Monday, Oct. 15, at 6:30 p.m.

Democratic state Rep. Carolyn Comitta is running against Republican Nick Deminski in the 156th District, and told the attentive audience to vote for people who share their values.

“Your state representative is your last stop from protecting all the people,” Comitta said. “Elect someone who gets it.

“Your vote is your voice.”

Kristine Howard is a Democrat running in the 167th District against incumbent Republican Rep. Duane Milne.

“We need to elect the right legislators,” she said, “We need to take back our power from some extremists.

“This is a really important election.”

Democrat Danielle Friel Otten is facing off against Republican Rep. Becky Corbin in the 155th District.

“Educate yourself about who is on the ballot, vote, and talk to your neighbors,” Friel Otten said.

Sappey said that it all depends on who the public votes for.

“It’s time for us to start electing people who are going to work together,” Sappey said.

Democrat Chrissy Houlahan is facing off against Republican Greg McCauley to fill the seat vacated by Republican U.S. Rep. Ryan Costello in what she said is the “new and improved” 6th Congressional District, referencing a state Supreme Court decision to draw new congressional districts after finding the state’s previous congressional map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering that favored Republicans over Democrats.

The business owner, MIT graduate, former teacher and veteran, listed health care, decent jobs, a great education and a safe planet as her priorities.

The candidates were asked about “reaching across the aisle.”

Friel Otten suggested that more women should be elected and that politics is not just a Democratic or Republican issue.

“We have the opportunity to look each other in the eye,” she said.

Said Comitta: “It’s all your perspective. It’s about being in this role for the right reason.”

Sappey was a stay-at-home mom and said becoming a state rep is not her dream job.

“You have to enter every conversation knowing that you have to give something up,” she said.

The candidates were asked about incarceration. Howard talked about “super long” prison sentences.

“We had more juvenile lifers than any other state,” Howard said. “We have a very, very harsh justice system in this state and prosecutors hold all the cards.”

The group of candidates talked about supporting small businesses.

Friel Otten said that when manufacturing goes overseas, people on “Main Street” can no longer exist.

“The burden of taxes is on the small business owner,” Friel Otten said. “Close the loopholes (for big businesses) and take the pressure off of small businesses.”

Sappey is a proponent of businesses.

“We need to make it more attractive for businesses to come to Pennsylvania,” Sappey said.

Comitta said that when you buy local, you make an investment in the community.

“For every dollar you spend in a local business, 68 cents goes back into the community,” Comitta said.

Education was also discussed.

“Our municipal government is in a position to choose between the youngest and oldest residents and that is a crime,” Friel Otten said.

Howard favors fair funding for schools.

“We know this is the right thing to do, we have the wrong people,” Howard said.

When asked about the natural gas boom and enacting an extraction tax, Comitta said Pennsylvania is “sitting on a gold mine.

“I’m not against people making a lot of money, but it needs to be done safely and cleanly and (any proposed tax) should be used for kids in schools.”

While Howard said the liquid gases need to be taxed, Friel Otten said that several alternatives should be addressed, such as, creation of siting agencies, oversight of out-of-state companies, and taking any new tax revenue to build renewable energy alternatives.

Sappey reiterated the need to vote for reps supporting the Affordable Care Act.

“Make sure we vote for people who understand how important this issue is — the costs are through the roof,” Sappey said.

St. Paul’s Pastor Wayne E. Croft Sr. welcomed the guests and said he was pleased that the NAACP and League of Women Voters had crafted a platform enabling voters to make informed decisions.

Cassandra Jones, NAACP chair for political action committee, said that the audience was pleased to ask questions, face-to-face.

Pamela Gray, president of the Chester County League of Women Voters appreciated the “very engaged candidates” and the turnout of prospective voters. Source



Oct 2, 2018
Chester County Press
Sappey Campaigning To End Harrisburg Gridlock

On a campaign that is focused on growth economy, responsible budgets, public education funding, environmental protection, women’s rights, healthcare and gun legislation, Democrat Christina Sappey is challenging Republican incumbent Eric Roe to become the next State Representative for the 158th District, which will be determined in an election on Nov. 6.

A 25-year resident of Chester County and the mother of three children who attended the Downingtown School District, Sappey is campaigning on the promise to bring an end to what she refers to on her website as political “gridlock, ineffectiveness and polarization” in Harrisburg. Defining herself as a “compassionate moderate,” Sappey is not new to state politics. She has served as Chief of Staff to former State Rep. Barbara McIlvaine Smith (D156), as Director of Legislative Initiatives to State Sen. Andy Dinniman (D19), and most recently, as Chief of Staff to State Rep. Carolyn Comitta (D156).

As stated on her website, Sappey believes that a budget is representative of an elected official’s priorities, and she will work to ensure that education and environmental protection are properly funded and implemented.

Here is a brief summary of where Sappey stands on key issues:


Sappey is running to stop irresponsible government budget cycles and spending.

Believing that a strong, reliable economy helps create jobs, Sappey said she will work to ensure that Pennsylvania is an attractive place to grow businesses that create self-sustaining jobs. With focus on the millennial generation – who she wrote will comprise 75 percent of the workforce in less than ten years – Sappey wants to supplement job growth with training and retention of talent.

In addition, Sappey wants to leverage robotic process automation (RPA) and machine learning to streamline government processes, and bring innovation, tech, and green businesses to Chester County, while preserving and supporting the agricultural industry.


Endorsed by the Pennsylvania State Education Association and the American Federation of Teachers, Sappey supports the partnership of schools and local businesses to create job-ready vocational training programs for students at secondary and higher-educational levels.


Sappey wants to uphold the environmental protections mandated in the Pennsylvania State Constitution, to ensure that future generations will inherit a safe, healthy environment. She supports a science-based environmental policy, and stands for funding the Department of Environmental Protection, which she said has been critically underfunded for decades.

Sappey wants to enact a gas severance tax, champion renewable energy support policies that champion and incentivize renewable energy production, distribution, and research throughout Pennsylvania; curb plastic pollution by limiting plastic bags and single-use plastics; and promote open space preservation.

An advocate of public transportation, Sappey believes that funding the maintenance and infrastructure for public transportation and multi-modal transportation throughout Pennsylvania is critical in decreasing fossil fuels.

Government Reform

Endorsed by End Citizens United, Sappey supports fair-districting legislation at the state and national level, and also wants to stop irresponsible government budget cycles and spending. If the legislature does not pass a budget on time, Sappey believes that legislators should not be paid, and if elected, she has pledged to forego perks such as per diems, gifts, and a state car. She will also work towards campaign finance reform.

Gun Violence Prevention

While believing that the Second Amendment should be protected, Sappey said that “we must work together to re-interpret the intent of the founding fathers by balancing it with the reality of technology in the 21st Century.”

A Moms Demand Action Gun Sense candidate, Sappey supports common sense gun violence prevention legislation; implementing and enforcing stronger background checks; ensuring that domestic abusers and stalkers cannot get access to guns; closing the gun show loophole; creating mandatory waiting periods for gun purchases; raising the gun purchasing age; and banning assault-style weapons for civilians, bump stocks and high-capacity magazines.


Believing that healthcare is a universal human right, Sappey believes that pre-existing conditions should not exclude someone from receiving healthcare coverage. If elected, she will work to lower costs for small and mid-sized businesses, so that pre-existing conditions and mental healthcare support are affordable coverage options for businesses to offer.

Sappey also wants to enact a proactive, holistic, and compassionate approach that incorporates mental health conversations earlier in life, and to ensure that families and healthcare providers have the tools to do this.


Believing that the Trump Administration’s immigration policies are adversely affecting immigrant families in the 158th District, Sappey supports the idea that individuals, children, and families, if detained, should be treated humanely and given due process.

Women’s Issues

Sappey believes that government should not interfere or be involved in women’s personal healthcare decisions. In a July editorial in the Daily Local, Sappey wrote, “Until we end domestic violence, rape and sexual assault, incest, life-threatening genetic disorders, improper sex education, and high-poverty rates among women and families, women will be forced to confront pregnancies not of their own choosing. If we want to end abortion, we have to address and solve the above injustices that women face. Making abortion illegal will not stop it from happening.

“It is also critical to understand that if we ban legal abortion and offer no financial, health, family, emotional, and educational assistance to those forced to carry an unintended pregnancy, we put lives at significant risk. Without a commitment to holistically support the child, mother, and family after birth, it is imperative that government stay out of these extremely personal decisions.”   Source

September 6, 2018
Vista Today
Chester County Leadership – Christina Sappey

Chester County Leadership – Christina Sappey

As she battles one-term State Representative Eric Roe for the right to represent the 158th District in Pennsylvania’s House of Representatives, Christina Sappey spoke with VISTA Today about growing outside New York City, following a boyfriend to Pine Manor College outside of Boston, and transferring to Penn State before her junior year where she majored in Foreign Service.

Following graduation, Sappey entered Lord & Taylor’s executive training program where she learned to “work quickly, be decisive, and consider the big picture,” before returning to Pennsylvania and Chester County, where she served as Chief of Staff for Barb McIlvaine Smith and State Representative Carolyn Comitta.

Christina concludes the conversation by sharing the issues she would like to work on in Harrisburg, including the environment, public education funding, the state’s broken budgeting process, and gun violence prevention.

Where were you born and where did you grow up? 

I was born the oldest of two children in Princeton, New Jersey and raised in Pocantico Hills, New York, right outside of New York City. It was an area very similar to Chester County. My mother was a school teacher, and my father worked for RCA as an international patent-license negotiator.

What memories do you have a growing up in Pocantico Hills?

Christina at 5 years old.

I was very fortunate to have two parents who loved each other. My brother and I never doubted how much they loved us. My maternal grandmother lived with us and we had a very strong relationship with her also. There was always music and laughter in our house.

We spent a lot of time outdoors when I was growing up. In the spring, I was outside picking lily of the valley and in the summers, I was picking raspberries, making mud pies and going to swim practice. My brother and I were always playing and building forts in the woods. In the winters, we skated on frozen ponds and went sledding. I had an ideal childhood.

What was your first job?

I had a few different jobs. I babysat from the time I was eleven years old through college. I also did some house cleaning and yard work. In the summers, I was a camp counselor at a nearby day camp. I commuted to Wall Street one summer to work in a corporate shareholder records department, so I had several different work experiences.

What lessons did you take from those jobs that stay with you today?

Between babysitting and being a camp counselor, I learned the power of people placing trust in you. People were entrusting their children to me. I understood how serious that was.

Did you ever not deliver on that trust?

I remember a time I was babysitting two kids and their dog got out of the house, and the kids ran out of the house after the dog. I was told not to let the dog out because there was a pond that the dog loved to swim in and he was a fluffy little white thing. Well, we ran out after the dog and got locked out of the house.

Luckily, my parents lived up the hill, so we were able to trek up to their house with the dirty dog, and my dad was able to get us back in the house.

That was a real lesson for me. The parents had entrusted their children and fluffy white dog to me, and it didn’t go that well!

What kind of music were you listening to in college?

Everything! My parents loved to dance so I would steal their swing albums. I also sang in choruses in middle school, high school and at church, so I enjoyed classical music and jazz. And in college, I loved Crosby Stills Nash and Young, James Taylor, Springsteen, The Police and anything classic rock at that time.

Did you play any sports in high school?

Christina horseback riding in high school

From a very young age, I was a competitive swimmer, played tennis and rode horses at a nearby show barn. Later in high school I was on the tennis team, played intramural soccer and field hockey and was on the cheerleading squad.

At one point, I had to make a choice between riding and swimming and I ended up choosing swimming. I was a better swimmer than rider! In swimming, I received numerous “most improved” or “best in age group” awards throughout the years. I swam to stay fit in college but did not compete.

Where did you go to College?

I went to Pine Manor College, a small women’s college in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts and then ended up transferring to Penn State.

Why Pine Manor?

I wanted to be in Boston because I was following a boyfriend who was in school there, something I would advise any young person now not to do! Pine Manor is a beautiful school, and because it is so small, I knew I’d grow as a student and a person during my time there. I went to a very small, competitive public high school and thrived in that small environment. I also still believe that women’s colleges provide tremendous value.

Why did you transfer to Penn State?

Originally, Pine Manor was a junior college, so a lot of people just left after two years even after it became a four-year college. I was very interested in international relations at the time. Pine Manor did not have international relations program, but there was a foreign service program I was very interested in at Penn State. Because my parents went to Penn State, I always had an affinity for the school.

What did you do when you graduated?

I went back to New York and worked in the fashion industry. I was recruited into the executive training program with Lord and Taylor. It was extremely challenging – fast paced, with a tremendous amount of time and financial pressure. I learned how to work quickly, be decisive, and consider the big picture. I also learned not to let negative input or circumstances affect me.

Who helped you get to where you are today?

Without a doubt, my parents. My father always impressed upon us the importance of listening, consensus building, and collaboration.

My mother always emphasized love, tolerance and inclusion. She was one of the first people to illustrate what it meant to accept everybody regardless of race, gender, religion, ethnicity or social standing. To this day, she is an extraordinarily loving and accepting person. It’s a big break to have parents that type of foundation.

I’ve also had the good fortune to work for and learn from successful, inspiring people. Ann Freedberg and Nancy Leary at Lord & Taylor were just brilliant people to work for. They were very tough. I think setting the bar high is one of the best things a boss can do for you.

Later on, Rep. Barb McIllvaine-Smith,  Senator Andy Dinniman, and Rep. Carolyn Comitta – all set the bar very high and I knew I had to strive to deliver on their expectations and more importantly, the public’s.

Before you decided to run for State Rep, what did you do?

Christina with Representative Carolyn Committa.

I was Chief of Staff for Barb McIlvaine Smith during her time in office as State Representative. After that, I was Director of Legislative Initiatives for State Senator Andy Dinniman. Most recently, I served as Chief of Staff to State Representative  Carolyn Comitta after she was elected.

What made you decide to run for State Rep?

I decided to run because I have been watching what’s going on in our state government for the last 12 years and it’s very discouraging. Year after year, I’ve seen our government become more polarized and dysfunctional.

Under the guise of fiscal responsibility, I’ve watched the legislature actually become irresponsible with our budget, and I just honestly felt like new people were needed to bring order back to our state government.  I could see and hear the dissatisfaction of our citizens every day.

I believe at this point, with my comprehensive background in business, my non-profit and community experience, my ability to navigate and collaborate, my roles as a mother, wife and daughter to aging parents that I’m uniquely qualified for this job.

What Issues will you focus on if you win?

I’m going to focus on our two constitutional mandates – protecting the environment and providing thorough and efficient public education. We have a constitutional responsibility to deliver these things and I believe we could be doing much more in both areas.

I also believe that our budget process and our economic strategies are failing us. We need some government reforms, such as no budget, no pay. There’s a lot we could do to grow the economy here in Pennsylvania too. I have a lot of ideas about how we could do that statewide.

To alleviate the property tax burden our senior citizens face every day, we need to grow the economy and bring that revenue in statewide. By attracting new industries that would create family sustaining jobs, we would generate new revenue that would allow us to uphold our constitutional mandate for clean air, clean water, clean soil, and the best public education we can offer our students.

What are your ideas for growing Pennsylvania’s economy?

I believe it’s very important to support our mid-sized and small businesses, as well as our larger corporations. We need to make it easier to start and grow a small business here and with our aging population we have a great opportunity in the service sector as well.

I also believe that it’s time to encourage businesses that provide environmental services that will help us reach our carbon emissions goals. Finally, there are many ways that we can automate functions to reduce costs in government and I hope to fight for implementation of these statewide.

What are other important issues you would like to work on should you win?

I’ve spoken to a lot of folks in the 158th District, and throughout Chester County, who are tired of waiting for gun violence prevention. Our legislature has been very slow to move on this. I believe the legislation removing guns from domestic abusers should have been brought up in the House last year, but the Speaker didn’t want to run the bill. Lives have undoubtedly been lost as a result of this delay.

The other issues that are very important to people in the 158th District are a woman’s right to choose and access to affordable health care. These beliefs in the 158th are not currently being represented.

Finally, Christina, what is the best piece of advice you ever received?

My dad always told me to, “work hard and be good.” He always ended everything with “be good.” He died two years ago.

Representative Carolyn Comitta said something to me this past winter that is still written on my kitchen chalkboard. She said, “Fear and regret are the thieves of tomorrow.” She may have been quoting someone else, but I quote her with that one.

Carolyn’s quote had a large part to do with what I’m doing now – you can overcome your fear, but you’ll always carry regret. I didn’t want to regret this moment. I have an opportunity to represent the people of the 158th accurately and with integrity, and I want to do that.


Jan 31, 2018
Gun Sense Chester County gets lowdown on state legislative process

Gun Sense Chester County gets lowdown on state legislative process

WESTTOWN >> About 40 members of grassroots organization Gun Sense Chester County heard state Rep. Carolyn Comitta’s, D-156, Chief of Staff Christina Sappey describe how legislation is drafted and passed at the state level, Monday, at the Church of the Loving Shepherd.

Prior to Sappey’s presentation, Ann Colby-Cummings, Gun Sense chairperson, said that the organization is “all volunteer, non-partisan and not for profit, working to reduce the tragic toll that guns are taking.”

The group welcomes both gun owners and non-gun owners. Members listened intently to Sappey. The organization regularly engages with legislators and their staff.

“What can we do that takes a number of positions into account?” Colby-Cummings said.

During her presentation, long term political aide Sappey jokingly referred to the creation of legislation as “how sausage is made.”

Most legislation is drafted by the people in control, Sappey said. The House and Senate are now controlled by Republicans, while the governor and Comitta are Democrats.

“When you are in the majority, you drive the bus,” Sappey said.

A bill can take as long as five two-year terms for representatives, or even as much as 10 years, to become a law.

The process is very deliberate and issues are closely studied.

“It can take years and you can still have hiccups if you don’t take your time,” Sappey said.

While it usually takes hundreds of people to “put boots on the ground” anyone or any group, such as Gun Sense, can advocate for passage of a bill.

“It all starts with people like you,” Sappey told Gun Sense members. “It all starts at ground level.”

Partisan committees meet and tinker with the language, while the state constitution is closely examined, as well as other bills.

“We need to know what is already on the books,” Sappey said.

While a prime sponsor is the legislator who “puts their neck out there,” Sappey said. “Co-sponsors act behind the scenes to encourage their fellow legislators to gather support.”

Bills evolve and change over time.

“You have no idea what’s going to happen to the bill when you let it out of the box,” Sappey said.

Committee members can decide to fast track or table a discussion on a particular bill.

Appropriations Committee members will also examine how much a bill will cost and what numbers will be fed into the budget.

Caucus members discuss, learn and “go back and forth, getting pushback from other members,” Sappey said. “It’s challenging to work with legislation.

“It’s not always a smooth process, but there is a process.”

A bill needs to pass three times through both the House and Senate, and then the governor will either sign or veto it.

Sappey encouraged all Gun Sense members and the general public to call and write their legislators.

“We want to know what is in your head and heart,” she said. “We want to hear from you.”

At the tail end of the program, Gun Sense Legislative Lead Starr Cummin Bright discussed various bills now churning through the legislative process.

The organization is opposed to the federal bill concerning “mandatory concealed carry reciprocity,” which would allow expanded carry rights for gun owners when crossing state lines.

The group favors banning “bump stocks,” which allow for conversion of a semi-automatic to an automatic weapon like was used at the recent mass shooting in Las Vegas.  Source

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